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When the Volga Was a Sea


The Museum of the World Ocean is launching a  project that will move you hundreds of millions of years back – to the mysterious Mesozoic and Cretaceous Periods.

The exhibition is devoted to the prehistoric sea reptiles which existed in the period when the Volga was a sea. You’d be surprised but there was a vast sea basin with picturesque archipelagoes in the present-day Volga Region circa 200—66 million years ago. It was inhabited by diverse predatory species of reptiles or “the marine reptiles of the Mesozoic Era” – ichthyosaurs, plesiosaurs, saltwater crocodiles and mosasaurs.  A new exhibition at Depth presents the ecosystem from the distant past and exotic sea reptiles of the Mesozoic Era who left the planet for good.

The exhibition features original palaeontological items, associated fauna and the cephalopods (a squid and ammonites). We are sure, you will be impressed by a half-meter Prognathodon jaw – the largest ever found in Russia (circa 90 million years) – as well as a preserved Belemnotheutis (extinct squid) with mummified soft tissues (circa 165 million years).

But, probably, the most intriguing exhibits are life-size mock-ups of the Paraophthalmosaurus (ichthyosaur) and the Elasmosaurus (long-necked plesiosaur) created by paleoartist Mikhail Shekhanov and assistant professor Maxim Arkhangelkii (Department of General Geology and Minerals, Faculty of Geology, Saratov State University).


A Study of the Reseacher

A memorial exhibition devoted to the 90 th anniversary of Rudolf Abramov (1929-2016), marine meteorologist, who had worked at the Atlantic Branch of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology RAS for 52 years, was opened at Maritime Koenigsberg-Kaliningrad exhibition hall.

The exhibition A Study of the Researcher features books by Rudolf Abramov, his archives and historic
artifacts as well as reveals his profound personality and many-sided interests. His most striking and fruitful period in life is the participation in oceanographic expeditions where he studied sea currents with messages in the bottle, made hourly observations, put notes in the diary and drew sketches in the album. Later, these notes became a basis for his popular science books.

He was a full member of the Geographical Society of the USSR (from 1964), a Candidate of Geographic Sciences (from 1967); in 1966 to 2000, he took part in dozens of research expeditions on board the Soviet and Russian research vessels: Akademik Kurchatov, Dmitrii Mendeleev, Akademik Mstislav Keldysh and Professor Shtokman. He supervised the ‘Atlas of Recurrence of Cloud Systems Over the Tropical Atlantic’ (1973). The researcher was awarded the Honorary Diploma by the Russian Geographical Society for his ‘Atlas of Temperatures of the Atlantic Energy Active Zones’ (1996). He became one of the first members of the Vityaz’s Friends Club (1989) and made daily observations of weather and water conditions on board the museum vessel (1995—2016). From the mid-1990s in the summertime, he monitored the Baltic Spit, managed to introduce such monitoring at a biological station in Rybachii (Curonian Spit) and now and then made observations of Cape Severnii (Russian: northern) near the Vistula Lagoon.


The Two Poles of the Earth

 


February 21, 2019 – May 10, 2019

A new exhibition The Two Poles of the Earth by Peter Reichet featuring 42 works from an artist’s family collection is opening at the Maritime Art Gallery in Svetlogorsk.

Peter Reichet (1953-2013) was an artist, a sculptor and an illustrator. Peter Reichet was born in Odessa to a family of an outstanding artist Viktor Reichet. In 1977, he graduated from Ilya Repin St. Petersburg State Academic Institute for Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (V.Oreshnikov’s workshop). From 1976, he participated in over 200 exhibitions in Russia, France, Germany, USA, Canada and Japan.

In 1976-1987, he took part in three Arctic expeditions (Franz Josef Land, Severnaya Zemlya, North Pole-22 drifting ice station and Bennett Island).

From 1981, Reichet was a member of the Union of Russian Artists.

From 1984, Reichet was a member of the Union of the Russian Geographical Society.

In 1988, Reichet and A.Time organized The Last Whale art group.

In 1991, he was Scandinavian Prize winner.

From 2002, Reichet is an IFA member.

In 2010-2011, he took part in the expedition to Antarctica (King George Island).

In 2013, Reichet died tragically in his last expedition 2013 Yamal-Antarctica and later buried at the Volkovskoe cemetery in Saint Petersburg.

Peter Reichet worked in different genres – from academic portrait and classic graphics to experimental abstract canvases and pop-art installations. Reichet’s works are kept at the Tretyakov Gallery (Moscow), the State Russian Museum (Saint Petersburg), the Museum of 20th and 21st Century St. Petersburg Art (Saint Petersburg), the Erarta Museum (Saint Petersburg), the State Museum of the History of St. Petersburg (Saint Petersburg), the Russian State Arctic and Antarctic Museum (Saint Petersburg), the State Museum Association “Art Culture of the Russian North” (Arkhangelsk), the Arnen Museum of Contemporary Art (Netherlands), the Grenen Art Museum (Denmark), the Danish royal family collection and private collections.

Welcome to the Art Gallery of the Maritime Exhibition Centre in Svetlogorsk (Yantar-Hall, 11 Lenina Street)!

 


People Of The Sea

A unique ethnographic exhibition – People of the Sea – is waiting for you at the Maritime Exhibition Centre in Svetlogorsk.

A unique ethnographic collection moves visitors to the world of primitive tribes, mystery religions and excellent handicraft by native artists. About 1 000 items – cult objects, masks, puppets, weapons – were collected by a German traveler in Indonesia (New Guinea, Java, Timor, Sumatra, Sulawesi and Bali) as well as in India, China and Nepal  in the 1960s-90s. These people’s life is closely interrelated with the sea, so it is clearly seen in the materials, symbols and themes. According to the ethnographers, it is one of the five best collections in Europe. In 2015, a Russian entrepreneur and patron V.Shcherbakov acquired the collection and lent it to the Museum of the World Ocean for a display.  Guests have already got to know a small part of the collection at the Maritime Exhibition Centre. Some exhibits are exclusive and displayed in Russia for the first time.

The exhibition is located on two levels: on the ground floor one can get to know unique primitive cultures of New Guinea: Asmat and Dani tribes. Exhibits devoted to the culture and art of Bali, Hindustan and Southeast Asia will be presented in the largest hall.

 


To the Depth

  

The Museum of the World Ocean invites you to the new exposition “Depth” located in the museum depository building and outside.  Here you can see the collections of barometers, current meters, hydrophysic probes, underwater cameras, optical tools, etc. But the main exhibits are the submersible manned vehicle “Mir-1” and one of the biggest sperm-whale skeletons in the world.  It order to put the legendary vehicle in the building it was necessary to lay special durable industrial flooring. Moreover, a special 4 x 4-meter doorway was made since sometimes “Mir” will have to leave the museum and make breathtaking descents.

The expositions answers many questions: how to measure depth, what vehicles are needed to dive at great depth, whether the life exists at maximum depth, etc.

Visitors can also watch fascinating videos devoted to exploration of the oceanic depth. 

Moreover, visitors can climb into a descent module (space capsule), “Tethys” submersible, and pressure chamber. Interesting facts about the “Mir” submersibles “Mir” is a self-propelled deep submergence vehicle. The project was initially developed by the USSR Academy of Sciences (now the Russian Academy of Sciences) along with Design Bureau "Lazurith". Later two vehicles were ordered from Finland. The “Mir-1” and “Mir-2”, delivered in 1987, were designed and built by the Finnish company “Rauma-Repola's Oceanics” subsidiary. The project was carried out under the supervision of constructors and engineers of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology. The “Mir” submersibles can dive to a maximum depth of 6,000 metres. The carrier and command centre of both “Mir” submersibles is the R/V “Akademik Mstislav Keldysh”. The two “Mir” units are operated by the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1987-2005, 35 expeditions in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean were made with the “Mir” submersibles, nine of them were devoted to consequence management of the atomic submarines “Komsomolets” and “Kursk” wrecks. 

In the mid 1990s and early 2000s, the “Mir” vehicles were used by Canadian film director James Cameron to film the wreck of the RMS “Titanic”, resting at a depth of 3,821 meters, for his 1997 film “Titanic” and documentaries such as “Ghosts of the Abyss”, and to film the wreck of the “Bismarck”, resting at a depth of 4,700 meters, for his 2002 documentary film “Expedition: Bismarck”.

On December, 24 2003 Anatoliy Sagalevich, Director of the Russian Deepwater submersibles Laboratory, was awarded an “Underwater Oscar” by the American Academy of Underwater Arts and Sciences at the scientific council of P.P.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology.

On August, 2007 the “Mir” submersibles performed the first manned descent to the seabed under the Geographic North Pole to a depth of 4 300 meters. On the seabed “Mir-1” planted a one meter tall rustproof flag of Russia and left a time capsule containing a message for future generations. The submersibles experienced pressure of 430 atmospheres that was recorded in the Guinness Book of Records.

In August-September, the submersibles “Mir-1” and “Mir-2” made 60 dives in various points of Baikal. In 2009, 100 submersions were made. 

In 2011, the submersibles “Mir-1” and “Mir-2” explored Lake Geneva, one of the largest European lakes.

General characteristics

Test depth 6 000 m

Energy supply 100 kW/h

Life support supply 246 operator hours

Maximum speed 5 kn

Buoyancy reserve (on surface) 290 kg

Displacement 18.6 t

Length 7.8 m

Beam (with side motors) 3.8 m

Height 3 m

Complement 3 persons

 

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