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Seabirds of the Komandorsky Nature Reserve in Kaliningrad

 

krylatye strannikiThe Komandorsky Nature Reserve invites you to get to know the amazing world of seabirds of the Commander Islands! Тhe Museum of the World Ocean is waiting for you at the photo exhibition “Winged TravellersThe Seabirds of theKomandorsky Nature Reserve”. The main heroes of the exhibition are bright tufted and horned puffins, pelagic and red-faced cormorants, glaucous-winged gulls and red-legged kittiwakes, guillemots, pigeon guillemots and many other birds. Once these wonderful birds inspired poets to write poems, that is why they accompany the birds’ photographs! The photographs were taken by Eugeniy Mamayev, Deputy Director for Science (Komandorsky Nature Reserve), marine biologist, photographer and expert of the Commander Islands fauna. See you on February 4 to March 15, 2016 in the Maritime Koenigsberg-Kaliningrad exhibition hall. Regular working hours: 10 a.m. - 6 p.m.

 


The Winter’s Tale in the Museum

kukla

 

The Museum of the World Ocean, the Doll Club and the designer’s workshop invite you to the Mansard in Packgaus exhibition hall. Here, under the roof, you will find a very fairy-tale exhibition. Doll designers from Kaliningrad oblast have created an amazing world that will bring you joy and some magic.

Artists presented their works in a new viewpoint – these are not just toys for kids but art objects of high quality. The dolls show various emotions and feelings. They work true wonders and tell absorbing winter’s tale asking you to be its character. Creation of each doll is a complex and laborious task combining various kinds of art since designers work as artists, decorators, stylists, sculptors and sometimes as architects.

Dolls are not just designers’ hobby but their way of life. A doll cannot be created in a hurry. It takes weeks and months to complete its image and let it want to be “born” and see the world with its naive doll’s eyes. Each doll is unique and there are no two similar ones. But a visitor can move to a doll’s kingdom and their childhood as well as order a doll for themselves. Maybe you would like to create your own fairy-tale character, though? 

The works at the exhibition were created by Oksana Sviderskaya (Polessk), Irina Zhevako (Zelenogradsk), Anastasia Fomina and Ekaterina Nikiforova (Pionersk), Svetlana Klein (Baltijsk), Alla Ladik, Elena Orlova, Oksana Sakharova, Albina Leonenko, Elena Lavrik, Natalya Samoylova and Valentina Nikiforova (Kaliningrad).

See you on the Mansard in Packgaus. Visit the magic doll’s world and you are sure to move to a fairy-tale!

 

 


To the Depth

  

The Museum of the World Ocean invites you to the new exposition “Depth” located in the museum depository building and outside.  Here you can see the collections of barometers, current meters, hydrophysic probes, underwater cameras, optical tools, etc. But the main exhibits are the submersible manned vehicle “Mir-1” and one of the biggest sperm-whale skeletons in the world.  It order to put the legendary vehicle in the building it was necessary to lay special durable industrial flooring. Moreover, a special 4 x 4-meter doorway was made since sometimes “Mir” will have to leave the museum and make breathtaking descents.

The expositions answers many questions: how to measure depth, what vehicles are needed to dive at great depth, whether the life exists at maximum depth, etc.

Visitors can also watch fascinating videos devoted to exploration of the oceanic depth. 

Moreover, visitors can climb into a descent module (space capsule), “Tethys” submersible, and pressure chamber. Interesting facts about the “Mir” submersibles “Mir” is a self-propelled deep submergence vehicle. The project was initially developed by the USSR Academy of Sciences (now the Russian Academy of Sciences) along with Design Bureau "Lazurith". Later two vehicles were ordered from Finland. The “Mir-1” and “Mir-2”, delivered in 1987, were designed and built by the Finnish company “Rauma-Repola's Oceanics” subsidiary. The project was carried out under the supervision of constructors and engineers of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology. The “Mir” submersibles can dive to a maximum depth of 6,000 metres. The carrier and command centre of both “Mir” submersibles is the R/V “Akademik Mstislav Keldysh”. The two “Mir” units are operated by the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1987-2005, 35 expeditions in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean were made with the “Mir” submersibles, nine of them were devoted to consequence management of the atomic submarines “Komsomolets” and “Kursk” wrecks. 

In the mid 1990s and early 2000s, the “Mir” vehicles were used by Canadian film director James Cameron to film the wreck of the RMS “Titanic”, resting at a depth of 3,821 meters, for his 1997 film “Titanic” and documentaries such as “Ghosts of the Abyss”, and to film the wreck of the “Bismarck”, resting at a depth of 4,700 meters, for his 2002 documentary film “Expedition: Bismarck”.

On December, 24 2003 Anatoliy Sagalevich, Director of the Russian Deepwater submersibles Laboratory, was awarded an “Underwater Oscar” by the American Academy of Underwater Arts and Sciences at the scientific council of P.P.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology.

On August, 2007 the “Mir” submersibles performed the first manned descent to the seabed under the Geographic North Pole to a depth of 4 300 meters. On the seabed “Mir-1” planted a one meter tall rustproof flag of Russia and left a time capsule containing a message for future generations. The submersibles experienced pressure of 430 atmospheres that was recorded in the Guinness Book of Records.

In August-September, the submersibles “Mir-1” and “Mir-2” made 60 dives in various points of Baikal. In 2009, 100 submersions were made. 

In 2011, the submersibles “Mir-1” and “Mir-2” explored Lake Geneva, one of the largest European lakes.

 

General characteristics

Test depth 6 000 m

Energy supply 100 kW/h

Life support supply 246 operator hours

Maximum speed 5 kn

Buoyancy reserve (on surface) 290 kg

Displacement 18.6 t

Length 7.8 m

Beam (with side motors) 3.8 m

Height 3 m

Complement 3 persons

 


Sea Giant’s Heart

The new exposition “Depth” opened on December 12, presents many exhibits and the central ones are the submersible “Mir-1” and the giant sperm-whale skeleton. However, there is one more object that attracts guests with its uniqueness – a real gray whale’s heart. It was delivered from Saint-Petersburg just before the museum depository was opened. The exhibit was “created” by the specialists of the International Morphological Centre.

The heart was got with the permission of the Department of Farming Policy and Nature Management of Chukotka Autonomous Region. The animal was got by hunting quota that is given to native people of the North in order to support their traditional life. The material was frozen, put into a container and then transported to Moscow. Later, the heart was delivered to Kaliningrad where it was temporary stored at AtlantNIRO.

By the way, there are only a few exhibited mammals’ hearts in the world, mainly these are wet mounts or models. The heart was made in a polymeric embalming (plastination) technique that appeared relatively not long ago. The inventor of this method was Gunther von Hagens, he took out a patent in 1978. In comparison with traditional wet mounts these exhibits are non-toxic, keep its natural form and can be studied both visually and tactually, have got no expiry date, demand no containers for storage and are very durable. They can be demonstrated at the exhibition or any other public presentations.

The whale’s heart was a bit damaged while being taken out by Chukchi hunters. Nevertheless, professional anatomists almost smoothed them and guests of the exhibition “Depth” can see a real whale’s heart and even compare their hearts with it. How to do it? Just compare your fist with the heart and see the difference.

By the way, there will be a walrus’ heart here as well. Brief information The gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus) is a baleen whale that migrates between feeding and breeding grounds yearly. It reaches a length of 14.9 meters (49 ft), a weight of 36 tonnes (40 short tons), and lives between 55 and 70 years. The common name of the whale comes from the gray patches and white mottling on its dark skin.


Blooming Sakura History exhibition

 

The land of the rising sun is one of the most mysterious Oriental countries carefully keeping its ancient traditions and secrets. It has always attracted interest of Europeans but the relations were established only a short time ago. Russia and Japan became friends 160 years ago.

sakura

On September 11 (Friday), the Museum of the World Ocean is happy to invite you to Blooming Sakura History exhibition devoted to complicated relations between Russia and Japan. The history of Russo-Japanese affairs started in 1782 when a Japanese schooner was cast up on the Russian shore. The captain Daikokuya Kōdayū spent eleven years in Russia – till 1793.

In 1804, Nikolay Rezanov came to Japan with a diplomatic mission on the sloop Nadezhda. But a shogun neither received the ambassador and his gifts nor made an agreement on trade. Rezanov’s diplomatic mission failed.

In 1811—1813, a Russo-Japanese conflict occurred later named as “The Golovnin Incident” almost set Japan and Russia on the brink of war. Nevertheless the situation was solved thanks to friendship and respect between Russian commander Pyotr Rikord and Japanese merchant Takadaya Kahei.

In 1855, the first Russo-Japanese agreement on trade was signed that gave a start to friendship between Japan and Russia.  

Russian seamen were the main heroes in the history of diplomatic affairs between two countries. Their courage, bravery and humanism made friendship between Russian and Japan possible.

The new exhibition is one more opportunity for Russia and Japan to get closer. Japanese everyday life objects, clothes, books, drawings and boat models tell a fascinating story about relations full of ups and downs resembling sakura blooming periods.

The opening will be attended by a delegation from Japan. The exhibition is based on “The Golovnin Incident” materials (Japanese 高田屋外交 ゴロヴニン事件解決後200周年記念版) kindly provided by Tomoyuki Saito-san, author and curator of Nanohana Hall (Japanese 菜の花ホール) in Japan.

The exhibition works till November 22.

 

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